Using the brazelton newborn behavioral assessment scale, 159 reported effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on infants have included irritability and lability of state, decreased behavioral and autonomic regulation, and poor alertness and orientation 160 recent data from the infant development, environment, and lifestyle multicenter study on. The effect of cocaine on the developing fetus is a topic of considerable interest and debate one of the potential effects of fetal cocaine exposure is damage to the developing heart this review provides an overview of the current understanding of the short- and long-term effects of fetal cocaine. To isolate the specific effects of cocaine exposure from all of these confounding factors is a daunting challenge, but nida-supported researchers have made impressive strides in developing research protocols, interview techniques, and evaluation tools that help discriminate cocaine's effects. A third section summarizes the current research on the effects of prenatal exposure to five widely used substances: cocaine, opiates, amphetamines and methamphetamines, phencyclidine hydrochloride (pcp), and marijuana, as well as research on mixed samples.
The effects of prenatal cocaine exposure (pce) have been examined in infants and young children across multiple developmental domains (eg, growth, intelligence, language, motor, attention, and neurophysiology. Prenatal effects photo by ©shutterstock/ yana godenko studies show that various drugs may result in miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight, and a variety of behavioral and cognitive problems in the child. Effect of cocaine exposure to prenatal development essay (2012), prenatal development refers to the changes that take place in human embryo or fetus since the period of conception until the birth of the child. Open document below is an essay on the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on infant development from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Effect of cocaine exposure to prenatal development the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure essay the immediate effects of alcohol consumption are delayed. Prenatal cocaine exposure is associated with developmental toxic effects that are different in severity, scope, or kind from the sequelae of multiple other risk factors. Essay on the effects of prenatal cocaine-exposure on cognitive development - there are many factors that are integrated into the successful development of a child from prenatal growth into toddlerhood. Prenatal cocaine exposure (pce), theorized in the 1970s, occurs when a pregnant woman uses cocaine and thereby exposes her fetus to the drug crack baby was a term coined to describe children who were exposed to crack ( freebase cocaine in smokable form) as fetuses the concept of the crack baby emerged in the us during the 1980s and 1990s. The effects of prenatal cocaine-exposure on cognitive development that are integrated into the successful development of a child from prenatal growth into toddlerhood teratogens (outside factors) have a great impact on the babies' inutero development.
Jayendra k patel, in side effects of drugs annual, 2014 second-generation effects the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure (pce) on social and legal problems associated with substance use and externalising behaviour problems of 15-year-old adolescents was evaluated by a new study [21 c. Nida-funded studies have demonstrated that cocaine can reach into the womb and disrupt the embryonic development of crucial neurological systems in animals, but the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on human development are far more difficult to assess. Studying the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on the developing brain is difficult in human populations because cocaine abusers often abuse other drugs (2007, january 13) prenatal. Other physical effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine occur as a result of maternal malnutrition pregnant women who routinely use cocaine are often underweight because cocaine is an anorectic, an appetite-decreasing substance. The effects on the human fetus of prenatal cigarette use have been identiﬁed and studied since the 1960s, 1 the effects of alcohol and opiate use have been studied since the 1970s, 2-4.
Effect of cocaine exposure to prenatal development essay from cherry (2012), prenatal development refers to the changes that take place in human embryo or fetus since the period of conception until the birth of the child. Effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol or tobacco is more developed, and there are no large-scale reports of the longitudinal impact of prenatal cocaine or opiate exposure in mental, motor or behavioural development in infants older than seven years, nor any. Prenatal cocaine exposure without concurrent opiate exposure has not been shown to be an independent risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (frank, 2001.
The effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on infant development has been done on the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on fetal development, substantially little has examined the effects on infant development. Prenatal cocaine exposure has shown to affect the baby physically (defects including eye, bone, genital, urinary tract, kidney, heart deformities, as well as brain hemorrhages) and cognitively (through mental delays, motor, attention, and language problems) (berk, 2003. Prenatal exposure and miscarriage the most common adverse outcome of pregnancy is a miscarriage (spontaneous abortion) a number of studies have found that pregnant mothers who abuse cocaine are at risk for miscarriage due to the fact that usage in early pregnancy decreases blood flow 11.