During the amnesty debate in the house of representatives in 1876, hill, of georgia, replying to statements of blaine, discussed the history of the exchange of prisoners, dwelling on the fact that the cartel which was established in 1862 was interrupted in 1863, and that the federal authorities refused to continue the exchange of prisoners. History of andersonville andersonville's roots as a community extend well back into the 19th century, when immigrant swedish farmers started moving north into what was then a distant suburb of chicago. Nps/andersonville national historic site commonly known as andersonville, the military prison facility was officially named camp sumter, in honor of the county in which it was located construction of the camp began in early 1864 after the decision had been made to relocate union prisoners to a more secure location.
Experience photos and stories from inside andersonville prison, one of the most brutal prisoner of war camps in modern history getty images andersonville prison andersonville prison was never meant to hold as many prisoners as it did. The history of prisoners of war is as old as the history of warfare in primitive times, the captured warriors were considered the personal property of the captor and were forced into slavery during the middle ages, when the concept of ransom was developed, it became beneficial for warriors to. The park has three features: the national prisoner of war museum, the site of the andersonville prison, and the andersonville national cemetery the national prisoner of war museum commemorates the sacrifices of all american prisoners of war. On the 150th anniversary of the death of andersonville's first prisoner of war, look back at the notorious confederate prison camp on the 150th anniversary of the death of andersonville's.
The prison at andersonville, officially called camp sumter, was the south's largest prison for captured union soldiers and known for its unhealthy conditions and high death rate. Andersonville (2015) is a horror/alternate history novel by edward m erdelac, set in the prison the tv movie andersonville (1996), directed by john frankenheimer , tells the story of the notorious confederate prison camp. Another fictionalized account of the prison's history is found in saul levitt's 1959 play, the andersonville trial, which is based on the wirz case and serves as a morality tale about criminal acts committed under military orders.
In february 1864, 500 union prisoners of war arrived at the confederate stockade at anderson station, georgia andersonville, as it was later known, would become legendary for its brutality and mistreatment, with the highest mortality rate--more than 30 percent--of any civil war prison. Owner description: andersonville national historic site pays tribute to all american prisoners of war the park has three features: the national prisoner of war museum, the site of the andersonville prison, and the andersonville national cemeterythe national prisoner of war museum commemorates the. Wirz was arrested by a contingent of the 4th us cavalry on may 7, 1865, in andersonville he was taken first to macon, georgia, and then by rail to washington, dc, arriving there on may 10, 1865, where he was held in the old capitol prison since the federal government decided to put him on trial for conspiring to impair the lives of union prisoners of war. We know of the suffering and death at andersonville prison during its fourteen months as a confederate prison for captured union soldiers in 1864 and 1865 after the war, it was a focal point of african american resistance to white supremacy, white terror, and the efforts of the adherents of the.
While andersonville became the most infamous of all civil war prison camps, and certainly the most deaths occurred there, it was not an anomaly among the 150 or so prison camps formed during the war, both union and confederate. The largest and most famous of 150 military prisons of the civil war, camp sumter, commonly known as andersonville, was the deadliest landscape of the civil warof the 45,000 union soldiers imprisoned here, nearly 13,000 died.
1 researching andersonville prisoners, guards, and others by robert s davis background: confederate camp sumter, andersonville post office, anderson station, on the sumter-macon county line, served as a prison camp from late february. Andersonville prison camp summary: known officially as camp sumter, andersonville held the largest prison population in the entire confederacy during the beginning of 1864, the men in command of the confederacy saw a need for another prison to house their prisoners of war. History of andersonville prison when one turns on the television today they are made witness to all the crimes that are present in society it is impossible to sit through thirty-five minutes of news without anger and rage becoming aroused.
Of the 45,000 union soldiers who'd been held at andersonville confederate prison during the american civil war, 13,000 died during the worst months, 100 men died each day from malnutrition, exposure to the elements, and communicable disease restoring unity in america after the civil war was. Andersonville, or camp sumter as it was known officially, held more prisoners at any given time than any of the other confederate military prisons it was built in early 1864 after confederate officials decided to move the large number of federal prisoners in and around richmond to a place of greater security and more abundant food.
History of andersonville prison by ovid l futch an outstanding study of andersonville—both a vivid description of the conditions that resulted in high mortality among the prisoners as well as a balanced and unbiased evaluation of the officials responsible. Opened in 1998, the national prisoner of war museum tells the story of prisoners of war throughout american history this facility doubles as the park's visitor center and is the best place to begin a visit former prisoners of war partnered with andersonville national historic site to create and. 40 out of 5 stars history of andersonville prison product description in 1863, the confederacy was compelled to relocate the concentration of prisoners of war in richmond to a less vulnerable site.